The attributes that make these products particularly desirable to thieves can be summarised into six elements and these elements are often referred to by the acronym CRAVED:
Whilst each element can be used to determine which products are likely to be stolen, the frequency at which the thefts occur may ultimately depend on just one attribute, the ease at which the item can be disposed.
The intention of LPS 1650 is to encourage the use of effective security features that make it difficult to return the product to a ‘saleable’ condition if stolen, thus reducing the level to which they are craved by criminals.
Whilst the standard does not specify any one particular design of anti-theft technology, it includes requirements for the performance of the following types:
- Denial of service technologies, such as PIN codes, removal coded panels and electronic keys. Use of effective denial of service technology can prevent the product being enjoyed by persons other than the legitimate owner(s).
- Asset marking systems (overt and covert) linked to secure databases providing traceability to the legal owner of the product. Asset marking that cannot be removed without damaging the product can make it harder for the thief to dispose of the item and reduce the value of the goods if removal is attempted.
- Anchoring devices providing mechanical resistance against unauthorised removal of the product. Secure fixing to a solid mounting surface can increase the effort required to remove the product.
- Alarm /signalling technologies providing warning of attempted removal. An audible alarm could make the product less concealable.
The requirements and tests of LPS 1650 permit the assessment and rating of the performance of the anti-theft security features built into or supplied with the product.
Where appropriate, reference is made to specific requirements of standards such as:
- LPS 1224 Requirements for secure database registers.
- LPS 1225 Requirements for the LPCB approval and listing of asset marking systems.
- LPS 1214 Specification for testing and classifying physical protection devices for personal computers and similar equipment and a number of other applicable European standards.
The overall security performance rating achieved by a product is indicated by a series of security performance classifications, expressed in the format shown below. To meet the minimum requirement of LPS 1650, a product must achieve at least one denial of service classification.
Format of security performance classification:
DSTX - OX - XX+X+X - FX - AX
DSTX = Denial of service classification
OX = Overt marking classification
XX+X+X = Covert marking classification
FX = Anchoring device classification
AX = Alarm classification
- ‘X’ are numerals corresponding to the security performance classification achieved for each of the anti-theft technologies. The larger the value of X, the higher the security rating.
- Products meeting only some of the classification requirements will only display those ratings that apply.
For details of the security performance rating parameters and their classification refer to LPS 1650.